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Brazil is internationally known for being rich on unique exotic species such as giant tortoises, alligators, jaguars, endangered fish and a number of incredibly colored insects. The country also boasts of a great variety of ecosystems from the Pantanal wetlands to the Amazon rainforest.

In order to save its natural treasures in the year 1988 Brazil’s Federal Constitution established the legal standards for environmental protection. Thanks to them Environmental Law system of Brazil nowadays operates on all levels of government: municipal, state and federal regulations and laws. Due to a criminal liability environmental crimes were imposed. The law deals with cruelty against wildlife and domestic animals.

According to the article 25 of Brazil Federal Constitution both the community and the government are responsible for flora and fauna, for taking actions against pollution and protecting environment.

Any cruel actions towards animals as well as actions causing their extinction or putting at risk the animal’s ecological functioning are strictly prohibited as well. Thus such popular traditions as the Oxen festival, cock fighting and other activities involving animal suffering were banned by the Brazilian Supreme Court stating that animals also have the right to legal protection against mistreatment and suffering.

Rodeo is another disputable question whether it is cruel towards animals or not. Since rodeo is an extremely profitable industry it became a pretty much discussed issue. As a result in 1993, rodeos were banned in Sao Paulo, the law was enacted in 1999. In 2002, the law to regulate rodeos was passed by the Brazilian Federal Congress. Since then the law requires the presence of veterinarian. You may easily consult any of the vets in Rio de Janeiro or Sao Paulo or any other city in Brazil at rodeo. It also prohibits all devices that can wound or injure animals such as electric prod. Besides Brazil, this competitive sport is also popular in Australia, Canada, the United States of America, Mexico, and Spain as well as in the rest of South America. The most famous rodeo in Brazil is still in the state of Sao Paulo and Barretos.

According to the Environmental Crimes, Law and the article 32 the mutilation, mistreatment or abuse of wild, exotic and domestic animals are strictly prohibited. According to this article all cruel or painful experiments on animals even for scientific purposes are also forbidden. The penalty ranges from 3 months to one year of imprisonment and fines.

The acts of cruelty, abuse and mistreatment of animals are:

To train an animal by means of physical punishment.

To cause an animal to fight with another;

To mutilate, injury or wound an animal;

Overworking an animal;

Confining an animal in a cruel manner;

The definitions of mistreatment and abuse against animals are described in the Federal Decree.